do I report a sediment erosion problem?
Neither the Catawba SWCD nor USDA-NRCS has any enforcement powers regarding
compliance with any regulations relating to a sediment erosion control
problem. We can offer you the landowner suggestions on how to handle an
erosion problem on your own property, but we can not make another landowner
fix a problem on their property that is affecting you.
In order to report a sediment erosion control problem, you should ask
is, Does the land disturbing activity you are questioning involve more
than 1 acre? One acre is an area of 208 feet by 208 feet. If the activity
is larger than one acre, then the land disturbing activity "MAY"
or "MAY NOT" be in violation.
The Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973 (SPCA), as amended through
1999, North Carolina General Statutes Chapter 113A Article 4; says
land-disturbing activity is undertaken on a tract comprising more than
one acre, if more than one acre is uncovered, the person conducting the
land- disturbing activity shall install such sedimentation and erosion
control devices and practices as are sufficient to retain the sediment
generated by the land-disturbing activity within the boundaries of the
tract during construction upon and development of said tract, and shall
plant or otherwise provide a permanent ground cover sufficient to restrain
erosion after completion of construction or development within a time
period to be specified by rule of the Commission."For erosion concerns and regulatory information please visit the Catawba County Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control web site at:
http://www.catawbacountync.gov/ue/erosion.asp . Toni Norton, PE, Civil Engineer administering the program is located at the Government Center, 100A South West Blvd, Newton, NC 28658. She can be reached at 828-465-8161.
No person shall initiate any land-disturbing activity on a tract if more
than one acre is to be uncovered unless, 30 or more days prior to initiating
the activity, an erosion and sedimentation control plan for such activity
is filed with the agency having jurisdiction. The agency having jurisdiction
shall forward to the Director of the Division of Water Quality a copy
of each erosion and sedimentation control plan for a land-disturbing activity
that involves the utilization of ditches for the purpose of de-watering
or lowering the water table of the tract."
the NC Department of Natural Resources, land Quality Section's web site,
The Mooresville Regional Office telephone is 704-663-1699.
can call in a report to:
is soil erosion?
Erosion is the process by which soil particles are displaced. Typically
erosion is caused by water, but there are other types caused by wind and
gravity. Erosion is accelerated when water is moving fast and when there
is a large volume of water washing over the soil.
the soil of nutrient rich topsoil and deposits it in other areas that
may not be suitable like creeks and roads. In fact, sediment (displaced
soil) can be extremely detrimental to aquatic habitats.
do I get a soil test box?
Soil test boxes are available at our office, at the NC Cooperative Extension
Service office 828-465-8240, and at many farm supply stores in Catawba County.
A soil test report gives you precise nutrient requirements for the soil
type and plant type in your situation. Think of the money you'll save by
only adding the fertilizer you really need!
is soil is tested?
The NC Dept. of Agriculture is a state agency that tests soils for free.
Cardboard sampling boxes are available at extension offices and at Soil
and Water Conservation District offices. You fill the box ¾ full
with soil and send it to the testing facility in Raleigh. Sample three to
four months before fertilizer applications to ensure there is enough time
to get the report back.
There are also soil test kits for sale at local garden centers. These range
from $3 to $7.
Be sure that all equipment is clean of dirt and fertilizer or any other
debris. Equipment should be made of stainless steel or plastic. That way
you avoid contaminating your sample with trace metals.
- Small Garden Trowel
5-10 locations within your property, take soil samples to a depth of 4"
(lawn) or 8" (garden). Samples only need to be a spoonful or less.
Each of the samples should come from the same soil type. Any soil that is
VERY different in color or texture, should be tested separately. So avoid
small areas where conditions are very different. Examples include: wet spots,
natural areas, landscaped areas, etc. Mix all of the samples together thoroughly
in the bucket. This will give you a composite sample to test.
you precise information regarding the condition of your soil. With that
information, you are able to:
money by purchasing only the fertilizer you need
that you are giving you lawn enough fertilizer to thrive
nearby ponds and creeks from excess nutrients